|Ellos/ellas||Them (masculine, feminine)|
|Ustedes||You all/you guys|
Yo tengo un carro. (I have a car.)
Tú tienes una computadora. (You have a computer.)
Usted come mucha comida. (You eat a lot of food.)
Él sabe mucho. (He knows a lot.)
Nosotros tenemos un gato. (We have a cat.)
Ellos vienen mañana. (They come tomorrow.)
Ustedes compran muchas cosas. (You guys buy a lot of things.)
Note: there is another subject pronoun “vosotros” which is a formal way of saying “you guys”, but it is typically only used in Spain. Because of its rarity, it will not be included on this website.
|Direct Object Pronouns|
|Lo||Him, it, “You” formal male|
|La||Her, it, “You” formal female|
|Los/las||Them, “You guys”, those (things)|
Me das ese libro. (Give me that book.)
Te doy un regalo. (I give you a gift.)
Lo compro. (I buy it.)
La vende. (He sells it.)
Los revolví ayer. (I returned them yesterday.)
Nos conocimos ayer. (We met (ourselves) yesterday.)
Notice: the direct object pronouns come before the verb.
|Indirect Object Pronouns|
|Le||Him, her, you formal|
|Les||Them, you guys|
Pon el bolígrafo cerca de mi. (Put the pen near me.)
Doy gracias a ti. (I give thanks to you.)
Nos la dío. (He gave it to us.)
Le dío a ella un regalo ayer. (He gave her a gift yesterday.)
Necesito un minuto para darles más información. (I need a minute to give them more information.)
Notice: indirect object pronouns can come before a verb, at the end of a sentence following “a”, or attached to the end of an infinitive verb.
To avoid tongue twisters in Spanish, there is a rule that eliminates the use of the letter “l” many times in a row.
When you have a sentence in which you need to use direct and indirect objects, you change the indirect object to “se” if it was originally “le” or “les”.
Se lo doy. (I give it to him.) Instead of “Le lo doy.”
Se las compré para su cumpleaños. (I bought them for her for her birthday.) Instead of “La las compré…”
Se lo alimenté. (I fed it to them.) Instead of “Les lo alimenté.”
|Se||Himself, herself, themselves|
Necesitan bañarse. (They need to bathe themselves.)
Quiero mejorarme. (I want to better myself.)
Te quieres comprar algo? (Do you want to buy yourself something?)
Quítese la chaqueta. (Take off your (formal) jacket.)
Notice: reflexive pronouns talk about oneself and can be placed at the end of infinitives, before a verb, or attached to a command. Some verbs in Spanish require a reflexive pronoun. For example, the command for “sit down” is “Siéntate”, whereas in English, we don’t say “sit yourself”. Bathing, removing clothing and sitting are just a few examples of verbs that require a reflexive pronoun.
Another note: You will often see phrases like “Se vende ropa” (We/they sell clothes), or “Se habla español” (We/They speak Spanish), or hear phrases like “Cómo se dice “peas” en español?” (How do you say “peas” in Spanish?)… and you will notice that each phrase has a reflexive verb. In Spanish, the reflexive “se” is used to make a general statement about the people involved. While the grammar “Se habla español” doesn’t seem to match the translation “We/They speak Spanish”, it is important to note that this is a general statement being made about you, a customer speaking Spanish, and the people who work at that particular location speaking Spanish as well.
|Sus||Their, your (plural)|
Es mi gato. (He is my cat.)
Dónde está tu novio? (Where is your boyfriend?)
Dame su iPhone. (Give me her iPhone.)
Son sus zapatos. (They are their shoes.)
Es nuestra casa. (It is our house.)
Notice: the “nosotros” form of possessive pronouns follows the gender of the thing about which you are talking. In the previous example, “casa” is feminine, therefore “nuestro” is changed to “nuestra”.
|Suyos/as||Theirs, yours (plural)|
Esos son mis zapatos. Son mios. (These are my shoes. They’re mine.)
Él es tu gato. Es tuyo. (He is your cat. He’s yours.)
Este libro es suyo. (This book is his.)
Estos zapatos son suyos. (These shoes are theirs.)
El carro es nuestro. (This car is ours.)
Notice: the possessive pronoun follows the gender of the thing about which you are talking. In the example above, “He is your cat”… cat is masculine in Spanish, therefore the possessive pronoun must follow the masculine form “tuyo” not “tuya”.
I hope the content of this page was useful to you, and that you learned some Spanish Pronouns, consonants and vowels. Try to memorize them to be able to use them in your daily conversation. Make sure to check our Learn Spanish page, which contains several lessons that might help you in your learning process.