Arabic Pronouns

Arabic Pronouns

Learning Arabic can be difficult, since many of the sounds and the appearance of the language are quite different from English. Learning to correctly apply pronouns in your Arabic conversation may seem tough, but it’s one of the most important steps to achieving fluency in the language.


When you first start learning Arabic, you’ll quickly learn that one of the most important lessons is that of the Arabic pronouns. Arabic pronouns may seem more complicated than their English counterparts, since there are a few of the Arabic pronouns – “he,” “she,” “I,” and “you” – that can be used alone, without the need to conjugate them, and can stand without a verb.

For example, when telling your name, you would only use the Arabic word for “me” or “I,” and then use your name. You don’t need any verb such as “am” or “is.” This may sound peculiar if you were translating it to English, but is correct in Arabic. Here are the translations for the different Arabic pronouns.

He: anti
She: howa
We: hiya
You: nahnu (Male)
You: antum (Female)
I: ana
They: antun na (male)
They: hum (female)


In the case of “you,” if you’re speaking to a group of people of both genders at once, you would use the pronoun “antuna.” However, if you’re speaking of a situation, the work to use is “humaa.” This is one way that Arabic differs from many languages, as there is a dual complexity to the language. Not only do you need to specify gender in a situation, you also need to be specific about how many people you’re speaking about or to.


If you need to make a pronoun possessive, you’ll add a suffix the end of the words, instead of using the pronouns. To say something belongs to you, you only add to the word of what you are talking about. Other differences to the Arabic pronouns are:

Your: Add ka or k (male, singular)
Your: Add ki or k (female, singular)
His: Add ho or h
Her: Add ha or h
Your: Add kum (female, plural)
Your: Add na (male, plural)
Their: Add kun (male, plural)
Their: Add kum (female, plural)


With these possessive pronouns, you’ll also need to add a different suffix to the word when you’re speaking to a group with both males and females. If you were to say “our,” you would add the suffix “kuman.” If you were to say “you,” add the word “human.” However, there are times when a pronoun is not used at all in the Arabic language. For example, “arastu” means studied, and it can be used by itself if you want to say “I studied.”


When you look for courses in Arabic instruction, you need to be sure you find one that will give you practical exercises in pronoun usage. These courses should also include a feedback mechanism so that you know when you’ve made mistakes in pronoun conjugation.


Pronouns are one of the most difficult parts of the Arabic language to learn, but they’re also some of the most important things to learn, since incorrectly addressing a man or woman can be offensive. When you’re able to master this area of the language, you’ll be well on your way to becoming fluent in Arabic. However, it’s not going to happen overnight. You’ll need to set aside a certain amount of time each day in order to learn Arabic correctly.

Arabic Subject Pronouns:

In Arabic the subject pronoun is more specific than many other languages, for example there are different ways to say “you” in Arabic depending on who you’re addressing it to, for example to address 2 people you use a subject pronoun different than the one you would use for a single person, also if you’re addressing more than two people you will have to use a different form for that as well. Finally most of subject pronouns have a feminine and a masculine form. The table below shows the different forms you may come across:


Arabic Subject Pronouns




I   أنا  Ana


you (singular masculine.)   أنتَ Anta


you (singular feminine)     أنتِ  Anti


he   هو Howa


she هي Hiya


you (dual male or female) أنتُما  Antuma


they (dual male or female) هُما  Humaa


We  نحن Nahn


you (plural masculine)  أنتُم Antum


you (plural feminine) أنتُن Antun


they (plural masculine)  هُم Hum


they (plural feminine)  هُن Hun



To say for example I’m a boy = Ana walad! (Ana = I, walad = boy) as you may have noticed “am” and “a” are omitted in Arabic, so it’s like saying “I boy”, same thing with all other subject pronouns. He is a boy = Howa walad (he boy), we’re boys = Nahnu* Awlad (we boys),

You may also have noticed that Arabic has a “dual” form,  meaning that Arabic is being more specific about not only the gender but also the number, so the dual form is used to refer to two people, if you want to talk to and Karim to tell them: you both speak Arabic! =  Antuma tatakallamani al ‘arabia انتما تتكلّمان العربية , if you want to talk about them: they both speak Arabic = Humaa yatakalamani al ‘arabia هما يتكلمان العربية .

For the plural there are five subject pronouns, We = Nahn (for females and males). You = Antum (when you talk to 3 males or more, or one male and the 2 females or more)

You = Antun (when you talk to 3 females or more). They = Hum (when you talk about 3 males or more, or one male and the 2 females or more). They = Hun (when you talk about 3 females or more).

* Some subject pronouns take an extra vowel at the end when they’re followed by other words, to make the pronunciation smooth and easy, just like when you add an “n” to the indefinite article “a” to some words, “an umbrella” instead of “a umbrella” to make it easier to pronounce, same thing in Arabic, we add either “u” or “a” to many words to make them go in harmony with other words following them, we will go through that later, but for now you can keep using the articles without these vowels especially because you will be still understood even without adding them.


Arabic Object Pronouns:

Object pronouns in Arabic are me, you, him, her, us, you (plural) and come after a verb; In Arabic they’re as follows:

Arabic Object Pronouns




Me: verb+ni ني


You (masculine): verb+k كََ


You (feminine): verb+ki كِ


Him: verb+h ه ، ـه


Her: verb+ha ها


You (dual male or female): verb+kumaa كُما


Them (dual male or female): verb+humaa هُما


We: verb+naa نا


You (plural masculine): verb+kum كُم


You (plural feminine): verb+kun كُن


Them (plural masculine): verb+hum هُم


Them (plural feminine): verb+hun هُن



So to say in Arabic “you show me”, after conjugating the verb and adding the “you” to it, you need to add the object pronoun “me” to it as well, note that “you show me” in Arabic is written like “youshowme” meaning that the subject pronoun + the verb + the object pronoun are all connected, “you” as a prefix and “me” as a suffix of the verb “show”, so it would be (you show me = turini تُريني ) (you show us = turina ترينا ) (you show him = turih تريه ). Try to memorize these Arabic Pronouns, as they’re very important.


Arabic Determinative Possessive Pronouns:

Similar to the Arabic object pronouns, the determinative possessive pronouns look the same, the only difference is that they end a noun and not a verb like above. So to learn how to say “my house” “his car” “her dress” …you need to look at the table below:


Arabic Determinative Possessive Pronouns




Me: noun+i ي


You (masculine): noun+k كََ


You (feminine): noun+ki كِ


Him: noun+h ه ، ـه


Her: noun+ha ها


You (dual male or female): noun+kumaa كُما


Them (dual male or female): noun+humaa هُما


We: noun+naa نا


You (plural masculine): noun+kum كُم


You (plural feminine): noun+kun كُن


Them (plural masculine): noun+hum هُم


Them (plural feminine): noun+hun هُن



In Arabic you have to use the possessive pronouns above as a suffix, meaning that they should be ending the word (noun), here are some examples:

Book = Kitab   كتاب    

My book = Kitabi                كتابي  

Your book = kitabuk كتابك 

Your book (singular female) = Kitabuki كتابك 

His book = Kitabuh   كتابه   

Her book = Kitabuha كتابها   

Your book (dual male or female) = Kitabukumaa كتابكما 

Their book (dual male or female) = Kitabuhumaa كتابهما 

Our book = Kitabuna كتابنا

Your book (plural masculine) = Kitabukum كتابكم

Your book (plural feminine) = Kitabukun كتابكن

Their book (plural masculine) = Kitabuhum كتابهم

Their book (plural feminine) = kitabuhun كتابهن 


So it’s very easy to use the possessive pronoun in Arabic, you just need to add the suffixes on the table above to the word, and that’s it.


Arabic Prepositional Pronouns: (to me, for you, about her …any pronoun with a preposition preceding it)


It’s easy to use the prepositional pronouns in Arabic; you just add the suffix below to the preposition, which looks exactly like the ones we learn before in the possessive object, above:


Arabic Prepositional Pronouns




Me: preposition+i ي


You (masculine): preposition+k كََ


You (feminine): preposition+ki كِ


Him: preposition+h ه ، ـه


Her: preposition+ha ها


You (dual male or female): preposition+kumaa كُما


Them (dual male or female): preposition+humaa هُما


We: preposition+naa نا


You (plural masculine): preposition+kum كُم


You (plural feminine): preposition+kun كُن


Them (plural masculine): preposition+hum هُم


Them (plural feminine): preposition+hun هُن



So to say “come to me” we would add the prepositional pronoun “me = i” to the Arabic preposition “to = ila”, so “come to me = taala ilai = تعال إلي

Said to me = qaal li قال لي .


Arabic Independent Possessive Pronouns:

In Arabic the independent possessive pronoun is used to express “mine, yours, hers….”

Example: the book is mine: al kitab li الكتاب لي, the drink is ours: al mashroob lana المشروب لنا . The table below shows the independent possessive pronouns:


Arabic Independent Possessive Pronouns




Mine   li  لي


yours (sing masculine) lak  لك


yours (singular feminine) laki لك


his  lah   له


hers  laha لها


yours (dual male or female) lakumaa  لكما


theirs (dual male or female) lahumaa   لهما


Ours  lana لنا


yours (plural masculine) lakum لكم


yours (plural feminine) lakun لكن


theirs (plural masculine) lahum لهم


theirs (plural feminine) lahun لهن



You can also use the word “milk” to form independent possessive, the word milk ملك means “property of” …, the book is mine (my property) = al kitaabu milki الكتاب ملكي, but I would suggest to use the pronouns on the table above which is easier and more used.


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