Here is a quick chart, but please read what comes after it to have a better understanding.
|W||豆贝尔维||dòu bèi ěr wéi|
|X||艾克斯||yī kè sī|
For a list of all characters check our Chinese Characters.
There is no Chinese alphabet in the sense we understand it in the West. Chinese characters are not letters (with some exceptions), Chinese characters represent an idea, a concept or an object. While in the west each of the letters of our alphabet represents a sound that generally has no particular meaning.
In modern Chinese there is a set of more than 400 syllables, made of two elements: an initial, the sheng and a final the yun. The first part, the sheng is the consonant that begins a syllable. The sheng is followed by a yun that is usually a vowel. The Chinese computerized fonts for words processor include 6500 characters for the simplified form.
These are different Chinese symbols:
Pinyin is a Chinese system for transliterating Mandarin Chinese into 25 European characters (the letter “v” is not included).
In Chinese, each character corresponds to one syllable (which corresponds to a part of an English word, and entire word or more than one word). Chinese syllables consist of three elements: initial sound, final sound and tone. The initial sounds are consonants and the final sounds contain at least one vowel. Some syllables consist only of an initial sound or a final sound.
Note that "c", "ch", "j", "q", "r", "sh", "x", "z" and "zh" are spelt differently.
In Chinese (Mandarin) there are 21 initial sounds: b, c, ch, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, sh, t, x, z, zh
In Chinese (Mandarin) there are 35 final sounds:
6 simple finals: a, e, i, o, u, ü
13 compound finals: ai, ao, ei, ia, iao, ie, iou, ou, ua, uai, üe, uei, uo
16 nasal finals: 8 front nasals: an, en, ian, in, uan, üan, uen, ün
8 back nasals: ang, eng, iang, ing, iong, ong, uang, ueng
Additional syllables in Mandarin Chinese: 5 special cases: er, hm, hng, ng, ~r
The initial and final sounds make a total of 56 basic sounds. Combinations of initials and finals plus the special cases result in 411 possible combinations. Applying the four tones of Mandarin Chinese to this, we get a total of around 1,600 unique syllables.
I hope the content of this page was useful to you, and that you learned some Chinese alphabet, consonants and vowels. Try to memorize them to be able to use them in your daily conversation. For a list of all characters check our Chinese Characters. Make sure to check our Learn Chinese page, which contains several lessons that might help you in your learning process.