sidenav banner
Image Description

Norwegian Nouns and Pronouns

Norwegian Nouns

Norwegian nouns have three genders: Male, female and neutral. As grammatical gender varies between languages, even between dialects, it is simply best just to learn a lot of nouns and their gender in Norwegian to become more fluent.

Nouns are declined by number (singular and plural) and definiteness (indefinite and definite). In the singular indefinite form, the articles ein, ei and eit precede the noun:

Norwegian Nouns

Gender

Article + noun

English

Male

Ein stein, ein låve

A stone, a barn

Female

Ei jente, ei sol

A girl, a sun

Neutral

Eit hus, eit tre

A house, a tree


The definite form often causes problems for people learning Norwegian, because the definite article is affixed to the noun instead of preceding it. This is one of the key differences between Scandinavian languages and other languages in Europe, and is shown in the singular definite below:

Norwegian Nouns

Gender

Noun stem + article

English

Male

Steinen, låven

The stone, the barn

Female

Jenta, sola

The girl, the sun

Neutral

Huset, treet

The house, the tree


The plural forms have affixes both in the definite and indefinite forms:

Norwegian Nouns

Indefinite

Definite

Norwegian

English

Norwegian

English

Steinar, låvar

Stones, barns

Steinane, låvane

The stones, the barns

Jenter, soler

Girls, suns

Jentene, solene

The girls, the suns

Hus, tre

Houses, trees

Husa, trea

The houses, the trees



There are numerous variations of the definite affixes in the dialects.


Norwegian Pronouns

Norwegian has long since lost its case system, so personal pronouns are in the nominative and accusative, or subject and object forms only (with the odd dialectal dative).

Norwegian Pronouns

Subject form

Object form

Norwegian

English

Norwegian

English

Eg

I

Meg

Me

Du

You

Deg

You

Han

He

Han

Him

Ho

She

Ho / henne

Her

Det

It

Det

It

Me / vi

We

Oss

Us

De / dokker

You

Dykk / dokker

You

Dei

They

Dei

Them

I hope the content of this page was useful to you, and that you learned some Norwegian nouns, pronouns, consonants and vowels. Try to memorize them to be able to use them in your daily conversation. Make sure to check our Learn Norwegian page, which contains several lessons that might help you in your learning process.


Norwegian Lessons