Portuguese Verbs

This page contains a table including the following: Portuguese/ Brazilian Verbs and tenses. Try to memorize the way they're used because they're very important in communication, and might be very helpful to convey your most important expressions. Make sure to check our Learn Portuguese page, which contains several lessons that might help you in your learning process.

Portuguese Verbs


A verb in Portuguese is just like English used as a word that represents an action or a state of being. (go, strike, travel, and exist are examples of verbs). A verb is the essential part of the predicate of a sentence. The grammatical forms of verbs include number, person, and tense.
THINGS TO REMEMBER:
In Portuguese, the PRESENT TENSE is fairly simple. An ‘I’ verb always ends in ‘o’. The ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’ and ‘it’ verbs all end in ‘a’. The ‘we’ verbs end in ‘amos’. The ‘they’ verbs end in ‘am’.
In Portuguese, the PAST TENSE goes by a similar pattern, wherein the ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, and ‘it’ verbs all have the same ending whilst the ‘I’, ‘we’ and ‘they’ verbs are each different.
In Portuguese, the FUTURE TENSE also goes by this pattern.
All verb endings also depend on whether the verbs are ‘AR’, ‘IR’, ‘ER’.

    

English Verbs Portuguese Verbs
 
my friend travels with his wifeMeu amigo viaja com sua esposa
my friends travel with their friendsMeus amigos viajan com suas amigas
I traveled with my friendsEu viajei com meus amigos
She will travel with her friendsEla viajará com suas amigas
I have to feed my catEu tenho que da comida para meu gato
Do you speak Spanish?Voce fala Espanhol?

As you can see, the table above shows the Portuguese verbs in the present tense, the past tense, and the future tense, and also as a question (interrogative form).

Present Tense in Portuguese


The present tense in Portuguese is the form of the verb that may be used to express: action at the present, a state of being; an occurrence in the (very) near future; or an action that occurred in the past and continues up to the present. Here is an example:

    

English Portuguese Present Tense Pronunciation
 
I speakEu faloAY-O-FA-LO
You speakVoce falaVO-SAY-FA-LA
He speaksEle falaEL-E-FA-LA
She speaksEla falaEL-A-FA-LA
It speaksEle falaEL-E-FA-LA
We speakNos falamosNOS-FA-LA-MOS
They speakEles falamEL-ES-FA-LAN

Past Tense in Portuguese


The past tense in Portuguese is a verb tense expressing action, activity, state or being in the past of the current moment (in an absolute tense system), or prior to some other event, whether that is past, present, or future (in a relative tense system). Here is an example:

English Portuguese Past Tense Pronunciation
 
I traveledEu viajeiAY-O-VEE-A-JAY
You traveledVoce viajouVO-SAY-VEE-A-JOO
He traveledEle viajouEL-E-VEE-A-JOO
She traveledEla viajouEL-A-VEE-A-JOO
It traveledEle viajouEL-E-VEE-A-JOO
We traveledNos viajamosNOS-VEE-A-JAM-OS
They traveledEles viajaramEL-ES-VEE-A-JAN

Future Tense in Portuguese


In Portuguese, the future tense is a verb form that marks the event described by the verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in the future (in an absolute tense term), or to happen subsequent to some other event, whether that is past, present, or future (in a relative tense term). Here is an example:

English Portuguese Future Tense Pronunciation
 
I traveledEu viajeiAY-O-VEE-A-JAY
You traveledVoce viajouVO-SAY-VEE-A-JOO
He traveledEle viajouEL-E-VEE-A-JOO
She traveledEla viajouEL-A-VEE-A-JOO
It traveledEle viajouEL-E-VEE-A-JOO
We traveledNos viajamosNOS-VEE-A-JAM-OS
They traveledEles viajaramEL-ES-VEE-A-JAN

THINGS TO REMEMBER: Verbs ending with ‘–se’ highlights the reflexive verb in Portuguese, wherein it means ‘one self’ eg. ‘lembrar-se’= to remember. It represents something that is often personal and affects the individual.

Below is a vocabulary training for verbs in Portuguese or Brazilian with its pronunciation, try to memorize the verbs below, because they’re very important and used daily.

    

Vocaublary Portuguese Verbs Portuguese Pronunciation
 
ArriveChegarCHE-GAR
AskPedirPED-EER
BeEstarES-TAR
BecomeSerSAIR
BeginComeçarCOM-E-SAR
BreakQuebrarKEB-RAR
BringTrazerTRA-ZAIR
BuildConstruirCON-STROO-EER
BurnQuemarKEM-AR
BuyComprarCOMP-RAR
CallChamarSHA-MAR
ChooseEscolherES-COL-YAIR
CleanLimparLIM-PAR
CloseFecharFESH-AR
ComeVirVEER
CutCortarCON-TAR
DanceDançarDAN-SAR
DoFazerFAZ-AIR
DreamSonharSON-YAR
DrinkBeberBEB-AIR
EatComerCOM-AIR
FallCairKY-EER
FindAcharASH-AIR
ForgetEsquecer-seES-KE-SAIR
GetReceberRES-E-BAIR
GoIrEER
HearOuvirOO-VEER
HelpAjudarA-JOO-DAR
KissBeijarBAY-JAR
KnowSaberSAB-AIR
LaughRirREER
LearnAprenderAP-REN-DAIR
LikeGostarGOS-TAR
LiveViverVIV-AIR
LookOlharOL-YAR
LoveAmarAM-AR
MakeFazerFAZ-AIR
MeanQuerer dizerKE-RAIR- DI-ZAIR
MeetEncontrarENC-ONT-RAR
NeedNecessitarNES-ESS-EE-TAR
OpenAbrirAB-REER
PlayJogarJOG-AR
PushEmpurrarEMP-OO-RAR
ReadLerLAIR
RememberLembrar-seLEM-BRAR-SE
ReturnRetornarRE-TOR-NAR
RunCorrerCO-RAIR
SayDizerDI-ZAIR
SeeVerVAIR
SellVenderVAN-DAIR
SendEnviarEN-VEE-AR
SitSentarSEN-TAR
SleepDormirDOR-MEER
SpeakFalarFAL-AR
TakeTomarTOM-AR
TalkConversarCON-VER-SAR
TeachEnsinarEN-SEE-NAR
TellContarCON-TRAR
ThinkPensarPEN-SAR
UnderstandEntenderENT-EN-DER
WaitEsperarES-PE-RAR
WantQuererKE-RAIR
WorkTrabalharTRA-BAL-YAR

I hope the content of this page was useful to you, and that you learned some Portuguese Verbs such as present tense, past tense, and future tense..., try to memorize them to be able to use them in your daily conversation. Make sure to check our Learn Portuguese page, which contains several lessons that might help you in your learning process.