Polish Alphabet

This page contains a table including the following: Polish alphabet, letters which help you pronounce the words in a given language, you will also learn about the different consonants and vowels. Make sure to check our Learn Polish page, which contains several lessons that might help you in your learning process.

Polish Alphabet


Here is the Polish alphabet (lower case): a ą b c ć d e ę f g h i j k l ł m n ń o ó p r s ś t u w y z ź ż. (upper case): A Ą B C Ć D E Ę F G H I J K L Ł M N Ń O Ó P R S Ś T U W Y Z Ź Ż.

    

Polish Alphabet
a as in father tak thus, so, yes, raz once
ą as in dome są they are, wąż snake
The sound ą is pronounced like om, except that the lips or tongue are not completely closed to pronounce the m, leaving a nasal resonance instead.
b as in big bok side, aby so that
bi- as in beautiful bieg course, run, race, tobie to you
c as in fits co what, noc night, taca tray
ch as in hall chata cottage, ucho ear, dach roof
The sound of ch is much raspier and noisier than English h.
ci- as in cheek ciasto cake, cicho quiet
cz as in chalk czas time, gracz player, tęcza rainbow
ć as in cheek ćhoc although, nićmi thread (Inst. pl.)
The letters ć and ci- are pronounced the same. The combination ci- is used before a vowel. The letter c before i is pronounced like ć/ci-. The sound of ć/ci-, pronounced with the mouth in the position of English )y), is different from that of cz, pronounced with the mouth in the position of English "r".
d as in do data date, lada counter
dz as in odds cudzy foreign, wodze reins
dzi- as in jeans dziadek grandfather, ludzie people
as in jeans wiedźma witch. ludźmi people-Instr.pl.
as in jaw dżez jazz, radża rajah
The letters dź and dzi- are pronounced the same. The combination dzi- is used before a vowel. The letters dz before i are pronounced like dź/dzi-.
The sound of dź/dzi-, pronounced with the mouth in the position of English "y", is different from that of dż, pronounced with the mouth in the position of English "r".
e as in ever ten this (masc.), ale but, Edek Eddie
ę as in sense gęE goose, tęsknic long for
The sound ę is pronounced like em, except that the lips or tongue are not completely closed to pronounce the m, leaving a nasal resonance instead. At the end of a word, the letter ę is normally pronounced the same as e: naprawdę "naprawde".
f as in felt farba paint, lufa rifle-barrel, blef bluff
g as in get guma rubber, noga leg, foot
gi- bug you giełda stock-market, magiel mangle
h as in hall hak hook, aha aha!
Pronounced the same as ch (see above), the letter h appears mainly in words of foreign origin.
i as in cheek list letter, igła needle
j as in you, boy jak as, raj paradise, zając hare
k as in keg kot cat, rok year, oko eye
ki- like you kiedy when, takie such (neut.)
l as in love las forest, dal distance, fala wave
ł as in wag, bow łeb animal head, był he was, ołowek pencil
mi- harm you miara measure, ziemia earth
m as in moth mama mama, tom volume
n as in not noc night, pan sir, ono it
ni- canyon nie no, not, nigdy never
ń as in canyon koń horse, hańba disgrace
The letters ń and ni- are pronounced the same. The combination ni- is used before a vowel. The letter n before i is pronounced like ń/ni-.
o as in poke pot sweat, osa wasp, okno window
ó as in toot ból pain, ołówek pencil
The letter ó is pronounced the same as u.
p as in pup pas belt, strap, łapa paw, cap billy-goat
pi- stop you piana foam, łapie he catches
r as in arriba (Span.) rada advic, kara punishment, dar gift
The sound r is pronounced by trilling the tip of the tongue, as in Spanish or Italian.
rz as in pleasure rzeka river, morze sea
The letter-combination rz is pronounced the same as ż; see below.
s as in sad sam the same (masc.), pas belt, rasa breed
si- sheep siano hay, sito sieve
sz as in shark szal frenzy, dusza sou,
ś as in sheep oś axle, kwaśny sour, śpi he sleeps
The letters ś and si- are pronounced the same. The combination si- is used before a vowel. The letter s before i is pronounced like ś/si-. The sound of ś/si-, pronounced with the mouth in the position of English "y", is different from that of sz, pronounced with the mouth in the position of English "r".
t as in top tam there, data date, kot cat
u as in toot but shoe, tu here, ucho ear
w as in vat wata cotton wadding, kawa coffee
y as in ill dym smoke, ty you (sg.)
z as in zoo zupa soup, faza phase
zi- azure ziarno grain, zima winter
ź as in azure wyraźny distinct, źle badly
ż as in pleasure żaba frog, plaża beach
The letters ź and zi- are pronounced the same. The combination zi- is used before a vowel. The letter z before i is pronounced like ź/zi-. The sound of ź/zi-, pronounced with the mouth in the position of English "y", is different from that of ż, pronounced with the mouth in the position of English "r".

I hope the content of this page was useful to you, and that you learned some Polish alphabet, consonants and vowels. Try to memorize them to be able to use them in your daily conversation. Make sure to check our Learn Polish page, which contains several lessons that might help you in your learning process.