Indonesian Verbs

This page contains a table including the following: Indonesian/ Bahasa Verbs and tenses. Try to memorize the way they're used because they're very important in communication, and might be very helpful to convey your most important expressions. Make sure to check our Learn Indonesian page, which contains several lessons that might help you in your learning process.

Indonesian Verbs


A verb in Indonesian is just like English used as a word that represents an action or a state of being. (go, strike, travel, and exist are examples of verbs). A verb is the essential part of the predicate of a sentence. The grammatical forms of verbs include number, person, and tense.

    

English Verbs Indonesian Verbs
 
my friend travels with his wifeTeman saya bepergian dengan istrinya
my friends travel with their friendsTeman-teman saya bepergian dengan istri-istri mereka
I traveled with my friendsSaya bepergian dengan teman-teman saya
She will travel with her friendsDia akan bepergian dengan teman-temannya
I have to feed my catSaya harus memberi makan kucing saya
Do you speak Spanish?Apa kamu berbicara bahasa Spanyol?

As you can see, the table above shows the Indonesian verbs in the present tense, the past tense, and the future tense, and also as a question (interrogative form).

Present Tense in Indonesian


The present tense in Indonesian is the form of the verb that may be used to express: action at the present, a state of being; an occurrence in the (very) near future; or an action that occurred in the past and continues up to the present. Here is an example:

    

English Indonesian Present Tense
 
I speakSaya berbicara
You speakKamu berbicara
He speaksDia berbicara
She speaksDia berbicara
It speaksItu berbicara
We speakKami berbicara (doesn't include the person to whom we are speaking)
Kita berbicara (includes the person to whom we are speaking)
They speakMereka berbicara

Past Tense in Indonesian


The past tense in Indonesian is a verb tense expressing action, activity, state or being in the past of the current moment (in an absolute tense system), or prior to some other event, whether that is past, present, or future (in a relative tense system). Here is an example:

English Indonesian Past Tense
 
I traveledSaya telah bepergian
You traveledKamu telah bepergian
He traveledDia telah bepergian
She traveledDia telah bepergian
It traveledItu telah bepergian
We traveledKami telah bepergian
Kita telah bepergian
They traveledMereka telah bepergian

Future Tense in Indonesian


In Indonesian, the future tense is a verb form that marks the event described by the verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in the future (in an absolute tense term), or to happen subsequent to some other event, whether that is past, present, or future (in a relative tense term). Here is an example:

English Indonesian Future Tense
 
I will goSaya akan bepergian
You will goKamu akan bepergian
He will goDia akan bepergian
She will goDia akan bepergian
It will goItu akan bepergian
We will goKami akan bepergian
They will goKita akan bepergian

Below is a vocabulary training for verbs in Indonesian or Bahasa with its pronunciation, try to memorize the verbs below, because they’re very important and used daily.

    

Vocaublary Indonesian Verbs
 
ArriveTiba
AskBertanya (ask a question)
AskMinta (ask for help or things)
BeJadi
BecomeMenjadi
BeginMulai
BreakMerusak (break stuff)
BreakMelanggar (break rules)
BreakMemecahkan (break fragile things)
BreakMematahkan (break legs; break sticks)
BringBawa
BuildMembangun; Mendirikan
BurnBakar
BuyBeli
CallPanggil
ChoosePilih
CleanMembersihkan
CloseMenutup/ tutup
ComeDatang
CutMemotong/ Potong
DanceMenari
DoMelakukan
DreamMimpi
DrinkMinum
EatMakan
FallJatuh
FindMenemukan
ForgetMelupakan/ Lupa
GetMendapatkan/ Dapat
GoPergi
HearMendengar/ Dengar
HelpMenolong/ Tolong
KissMencium/ Cium
KnowMengenal/ Kenal ; Mengetahui/ Tahu
LaughTertawa
LearnMempelajari
LikeMenyukai/ Suka
LiveTinggal
LookMelihat/ Lihat
LoveMencintai/ Cinta
MakeMembuat/ Buat
MeanBermaksud
MeetBertemu
NeedMembutuhkan/ Butuh
OpenMembuka/ Buka
PlayBermain/ Main
PushMendorong/ Dorong
ReadMembaca/ Baca
RememberMengingat/ Ingat
ReturnMengembalikan/ Kembali
RunBerlari/ Lari
SayBerkata
SeeMelihat/ Lihat
SellMenjual/ Jual
SendMengirim/ Kirim
SitDuduk
SleepTidur
SpeakBerbicara/ bicara
TakeMengambil/ Ambil
TalkBerbicara/ Bicara
TeachMengajar
TellMenceritakan; memberitahu
ThinkBerpikir/ Pikir
UnderstandMengerti
WaitMenunggu/ Tunggu
WantMenginginkan/ Ingin
WorkBekerja/ Kerja

I hope the content of this page was useful to you, and that you learned some Indonesian Verbs (Bahasa) such as present tense, past tense, and future tense..., try to memorize them to be able to use them in your daily conversation. Make sure to check our Learn Indonesian page, which contains several lessons that might help you in your learning process.