A preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. A preposition usually indicates the temporal, spatial or logical relationship of its object to the rest of the sentence as in the example in the table below.
|The keyboard is on the desk||keyboard ada di atas meja tulis|
|The carpet is under the table||Karpet ada di bawah meja|
|The tree is in front of the building||Pohon ada di depan bangunan|
|The child is hiding behind his mother||Anak sedang bersembunyi di belakang ibunya|
The most common prepositions are: after (Setelah), at (Di), before (Sebelum), between (Antara), under (Di bawah), on (Di atas), in (Di), out (Keluar), … (for a longer list, see the table at the bottom of this page).
Prepositions Table in Indonesian
Here are some examples of demonstrative prepositions in the table below, note that just like in English, they're used very often in Indonesian:
Below is a vocabulary training for prepositions in Indonesian or Bahasa with its pronunciation, try to memorize the prepositions below, because they’re very important and used daily.
|Above||Di atas/ Atas|
|Beside||Di samping/ Samping|
|Close to||Dekat ke|
|In front of||Di depan/ Depan|
|Inside||Di dalam/ Dalam|
|Next to||Berdekatan |
|On||Di atas/ Atas|
|On top of||Di puncak|
|Outside||Di luar/ Luar|
|Over (for ex. His name is over the door)||Diatas |
|Over (for ex. Over the border)||Di seberang |
|Over (for ex. He’s worried over his study)||Tentang|
I hope the content of this page was useful to you, and that you learned some Indonesian Prepositions ..., try to memorize them to be able to use them in your daily conversation. Make sure to check our Learn Indonesian page, which contains several lessons that might help you in your learning process.