Spanish Verbs

Spanish Verbs


-AR VERBS

Present Tense

Spanish Verbs
Yo formEnds in –o
Tú formEnds in –as
Él/Ella/Usted formEnds in –a
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes formEnds in –an
Nosotros formEnds in -amos



Verb “hablar” (to talk)

Spanish Verbs
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Hablo
I talk.
HablasYou talk.
HablaHe/she/usted/it talks
HablanThey talk.
HablamosWe talk.

In the present tense, -ar verbs typically follow this form. Remove the “ar” and replace it with the appropriate ending depending on the subject.

Past tense

Spanish Verbs
Yo formEnds in –é
Tú formEnds in –aste
Él/Ella/Usted formEnds in –ó
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes formEnds in –aron
Nosotros formEnds in –amos

Notice: the “nosotros” form of the verb ends in the same way in the present and past tense for regular –ar verbs.

Verb “hablar” (to talk)

Spanish Verbs
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Hablé
I talked.
HablasteYou talked.
HablóHe/she/it/usted talked.
HablaronThey talked.
HablamosWe talked.

-ar verbs typically follow this pattern in the past tense.

Future Tense

Spanish Verbs
Yo formEnds in –ré
Tú formEnds in –rás
Él/Ella/Usted formEnds in –rá
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes formEnds in –rán
Nosotros formEnds in –remos

Verb “hablar” (to talk)

Spanish Verbs
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Hablaré
I will talk.
HablarásYou will talk.
HablaráHe/she/it/usted will talk.
HablaránThey will talk.
HablaremosWe will talk.

Here are more examples of –ar verbs in Spanish that follow the same rules as the verb “hablar”.

Ella me canta una canción bella. (She sings me a beautiful song.)

La clase dura dós horas. (The class lasts for two hours.)

La computadora no funciona. (The computer doesn’t work.)

Te voy a mandar un email. (I’m going to send you an email.)

Le llamaré mañana. (I’ll call you tomorrow.)

Ustedes no votaron en la elección pasada. (You guys didn’t vote in the last election.)

Saltamos en el río. (We jump in the river.)

ALTERNATE OPTION TO FUTURE TENSE VERBS:

Ir + a + infinitive

The verb “ir” in Spanish means “go”. If you put “ir” followed by “a” (to) followed by an infinitive verb (base form), you can say things like “I’m going to study tomorrow” or “She is going to learn Spanish” or “They are going to give me money”.

Spanish Verbs
VoyI go.
VasYou go.
VaHe/she/it/usted goes.
VanThey go.
VamosWe go.

Examples:

Voy a comprar unas cosas. (I’m going to buy some things.)

Vas a ir al mercado? (Are you going to go to the market?)

Va a ganar mucho dinero. (She is going to earn a lot of money.)

Van a manejar rápido. (They are going to drive fast.)

Vamos a vernos mañana. (We are going to see each other tomorrow.)


-ER VERBS

Present Tense

Spanish Verbs
Yo formEnds in –o or –io
Tú formEnds in –es
Él/Ella/Usted formEnds in –e
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes formEnds in –en
Nosotros formEnds in –emos

Verb “comer” (to eat)

Spanish Verbs
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Como
I eat.
ComesYou eat.
ComeHe/she/it/usted eats.
ComenThey eat.
ComemosWe eat.

The –er verbs typically follow this form in the present tense unless they are irregular verbs.

Past Tense

Spanish Verbs
Yo formEnds in –í
Tú formEnds in –iste
Él/Ella/Usted formEnds in –ió
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes formEnds in –ieron
Nosotros formEnds in –imos

Verb “comer” (to eat)

Spanish Verbs
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Comí
I ate.
ComisteYou ate.
ComióHe/she/it/usted ate.
ComieronThey ate.
ComimosWe ate.

The –er verbs typically follow this form in the past tense unless they are irregular verbs.

Future Tense

Spanish Verbs
Yo formEnds in –ré
Tú formEnds in –rás
Él/Ella/Usted formEnds in –rá
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes formEnds in –rán
Nosotros formEnds in –remos

Notice: the future tense form for –er verbs is the same for –ar verbs.

Verb “comer” (to eat)

Spanish Verbs
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Comeré
I will eat.
ComerásYou will eat.
ComeráHe/she/it/usted will eat.
ComeránThey will eat.
ComeremosWe will eat.

Here are more examples of –er verbs that follow the same rules as the verb “comer”.

Él mantenió buenas notas en la escuela. (He maintained good grades in school.)

Voy a beber una cerveza. (I’m going to drink a beer.)

Los dias amanecen a las 6:00 de la mañana. (The days break at 6:00 in the morning.)

Si continuas esta acción, romperá el juguete. (If you continue this action, the toy will break.)

No aprendieron nada durante la clase. (They didn’t learn anything during class.)

Prendemos la luz. (We turn on the lights.)

La toalla va a absorber el agua. (The towel is going to absorb the water.)

Lo aprehenderán el hombre malo. (They will apprehend the bad guy.)

ALTERNATE OPTION TO FUTURE TENSE VERBS:

Ir + a + infinitive

The verb “ir” in Spanish means “go”. If you put “ir” followed by “a” (to) followed by an infinitive verb (base form), you can say things like “I’m going to study tomorrow” or “She is going to learn Spanish” or “They are going to give me money”.

Spanish Verbs
VoyI go.
VasYou go.
VaHe/she/it/usted goes.
VanThey go.
VamosWe go.

Examples:

Voy a comprar unas cosas. (I’m going to buy some things.)

Vas a ir al mercado? (Are you going to go to the market?)

Va a ganar mucho dinero. (She is going to earn a lot of money.)

Van a manejar rápido. (They are going to drive fast.)

Vamos a vernos mañana. (We are going to see each other tomorrow.)


-IR VERBS

Present Tense

Spanish Verbs
Yo formEnds in –o
Tú formEnds in –es
Él/Ella/Usted formEnds in –e
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes formEnds in –en
Nosotros formEnds in -imos

Verb “vivir” (to live)

Spanish Verbs
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Vivo
I live.
VivesYou live.
ViveHe/she/it/usted lives.
VivenThey live.
VivimosWe live.

IMPORTANT NOTICE: Many –ir verbs are irregular in Spanish. “Vivir” is amongst the few that are regular. Notice the form, but understand that other –ir verbs may be different.

Past Tense

Spanish Verbs
Yo formEnds in –í
Tú formEnds in –iste
Él/Ella/Usted formEnds in –ió
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes formEnds in –ieron
Nosotros formEnds in -imos

Verb “vivir” (to live)

Spanish Verbs
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Viví
I lived.
VivisteYou lived.
VivióHe/she/it/usted lived.
VivieronThey lived.
VivimosWe lived.

IMPORTANT NOTICE: Remember, most –ir verbs are irreglar, so their past tense forms will not always follow the same rules that “vivir” does.

Future Tense

Spanish Verbs
Yo formEnds in –ré
Tú formEnds in –rás
Él/Ella/Usted formEnds in –rá
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes formEnds in –rán
Nosotros formEnds in –remos

Notice: the future form for REGULAR –ir verbs follows the same pattern as that of the   –ar verbs and –er verbs in the future.

Verb “vivir” (to live)

Spanish Verbs
Download Adobe Flash to hear audio example
Viviré
I will live.
VivirásYou will live.
ViviráHe/she/it/usted will live.
ViviránThey will live.
ViviremosWe will live.

Here are more examples of –ir verbs that follow the same rules as the verb “vivir”.

Ella se siente mal. (She feels badly.)

Él dormió por toda la noche. (He slept through the whole night.)

Reunimos mañana? (We’ll meet again tomorrow?)

Se van a aburrir en el cine. (They are going to bore themselves in the cinema.)

Subimos el autobus ayer. (We got on the bus yesterday.)

Revestirá la pared. (She will decorate the wall.)

Voy a servirte un café. (I’m going to serve you a coffee.)

ALTERNATE OPTION TO FUTURE TENSE VERBS:

Ir + a + infinitive

The verb “ir” in Spanish means “go”. If you put “ir” followed by “a” (to) followed by an infinitive verb (base form), you can say things like “I’m going to study tomorrow” or “She is going to learn Spanish” or “They are going to give me money”.

Spanish Verbs
VoyI go.
VasYou go.
VaHe/she/it/usted goes.
VanThey go.
VamosWe go.

Examples:

Voy a comprar unas cosas. (I’m going to buy some things.)

Vas a ir al mercado? (Are you going to go to the market?)

Va a ganar mucho dinero. (She is going to earn a lot of money.)

Van a manejar rápido. (They are going to drive fast.)

Vamos a vernos mañana. (We are going to see each other tomorrow.)

Spanish Verbs Quiz

Instructions: Fill in the blank.

1.) Ella me (sings) una canción bella.

2.) La clase (lasts) dós horas.

3.) La computdora no (functions).

4.) Te voy a (send) un email.

5.) Le (I will call) mañana.

6.) Ustedes no (voted) en la elección pasada.

7.) (we jump) in the river.

8.) (I am going to buy) unas cosas.

9.) (Are you going) al mercado?

10.) (She is going to earn) mucho dinero.

11.) (They are going to drive) muy rápido.

12.) (We are going to see each other) mañana.

13.) Él (maintained) buenas notas en la escuela.

14.) Voy a (drink) una cerveza.

15.) Si continuas esta acción, (it will break) el juguete.

16.) (We turn on) la luz.

17.) Ella se (feels) mal.

18.) Él (slept) through the whole night.

19.) (We got on) el autobus ayer.

20.) Voy a te (serve) un café.




Spanish Verbs Dialogue

Download Adobe Flash to hear audio example

A: Ya comiste?

B: Si, comí un sandwich.

A: Y tu hermano, comió tambien?

B: No sé. Me habló hace una hora para decirme que fue al cinema.

A: Bueno. Cuándo vas al cine tú?

B: Luego. Iré primero al mercado y después al cine.

A: Muy bien. Cuídate.

B: Como siempre, mamá.


I hope the content of this page was useful to you, and that you learned some Spanish Verbs, consonants and vowels. Try to memorize them to be able to use them in your daily conversation. Make sure to check our Learn Spanish page, which contains several lessons that might help you in your learning process.