How Many Languages are in the World?

In the world there are about 7330 main languages and about 39,491 alternate language names and dialects. Some of them are listed below. There is no clear distinction between a language and a dialect. Humans, sometimes using computer programs, have also constructed other languages, including constructed languages such as Esperanto, Ido, Interlingua, Klingon, Lojban, programming languages, and various mathematical formalisms. These languages are not restricted to the properties shared by human languages.
The world languages listed below are in alphabetical order, next to each language there is a name of the family it belongs to. Make sure to check our Learn Foreign Languages homepage, which contains several lessons in many languages that you might be interested in learning.

List of some World Languages


Below is a list of about 900 languages, most of which are unknown to most of us. Language being the commonly accepted means of communication has a diversity of roles in thinking processes, language misunderstanding and misinterpretation. Also it has impact on overcoming barriers to good communication such as faulty encoding and decoding in the transmission of information.

    

Languages of the World
Abanyom (Bantu)
Abaza (Northwest Caucasian)
Abkhaz or Abkhazian (Northwest Caucasian)
Abujmaria (Dravidian)
Acehnese (Malayo-Polynesian)
Adamorobe Sign Language (Signing)
Adele (Kwa)
Adyghe (Northwest Caucasian)
Afar (Cushitic)
Afrikaans (Germanic)
Afro-Seminole Creole (English-based creole)
Aimaq or Barbari (Iranian)
Aini (Turkic)
Ainu (language isolate)
Akan (Kwa)
Akawaio (Carib)
Akkadian (Semitic) (extinct)
Aklanon (Malayo-Polynesian)
Albanian (Indo-European)
Aleut (Eskimo-Aleut)
Algonquin (Algonquian)
Alemán Coloneiro (Germanic)
Alsatian (Germanic)
Altay (Turkic)
Alutor (Chukotko-Kamchatkan)
American Sign Language (Signing)
Amharic (Semitic)
Amorite (Semitic) (extinct)
Anglo-Saxon or Old English (Germanic)
Amdang (Nilo-Saharan)
Ammonite (Semitic) (extinct)
Andalusian (Romance)
Angaur (Malayo-Polynesian)
Angika (Indo-Aryan)
Ao (Tibeto-Burman)
A-Pucikwar (Andamanese)
Arabic (Semitic)
Aragonese (Romance)
Aramaic (Semitic)
Are (Malayo-Polynesian)
Argobba (Semitic)
Aromanian or Macedo-Romanian (Romance)
Armenian (Indo-European)
Arpitan or Francoprovençal (Romance)
Arvanitic(Indo-European)
Ashkenazi Hebrew (Semitic)
Ashkun (Indo-Iranian)
Assamese (Indo-Iranian)
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (Semitic)
Ateso or Teso (Nilotic)
Asi (Malayo-Polynesian)
Asturian (Romance)
Auslan (Signing)
Avar (Northeast Caucasian)
Avestan (Indo-Iranian)
Awadhi (Indo-Iranian)
Aymara (Aymaran)
Azerbaijani (Turkic)
Badaga (Dravidian)
Badeshi (Indo-Iranian)
Bahnar (Austroasiatic)
Bajelani (Indo-Iranian)
Balinese (Malayo-Polynesian)
Balochi (Indo-Iranian)
Balti (Tibeto-Burman)
Bambara or Bamanankan (Mande)
Banjar (Malayo-Polynesian)
Banyumasan (Malayo-Polynesian)
Basaa (Bantu)
Bashkir (Turkic)
Basque (Isolated)
Batak Dairi (Malayo-Polynesian)
Batak Karo (Malayo-Polynesian)
Batak Mandailing (Malayo-Polynesian)
Batak Simalungun (Malayo-Polynesian)
Batak Toba (Malayo-Polynesian)
Bats (North Caucasian)
Bavarian (Germanic)
Beja (Cushitic)
Belarusian (Slavic)
Belhare (Tibeto-Burman)
Bellari (Dravidian)
Berta (Nilo-Saharan)
Bemba (Bantu)
Bengali (Indo-Aryan)
Bezhta (Northeast Caucasian)
Beothuk (unclassified) (extinct)
Berber (Afro-Asiatic)
Bete (Niger-Congo)
Bété (Niger-Congo)
Bhili (Indo-Aryan)
Bhojpuri (Indo-Aryan)
Bijil Neo-Aramaic (Semitic)
Bikol (Malayo-Polynesian)
Bikya or Furu (Bantu)
Bissa (Mande)
Blackfoot (Algonquian)
Boholano (Malayo-Polynesian)
Bohtan Neo-Aramaic (Semitic)
Bolgar (unclassified) (extinct)
Bonan or Paoan (Mongolic)
Bororo (Bororoan)
Bosnian (Slavic)
Brahui (Dravidian)
Breton (Celtic)
British Sign Language (Signing)
Bua (Niger-Congo)
Buginese (Malayo-Polynesian)
Bukusu (Bantu)
Bulgarian (Slavic)
Bunjevac (Slavic)
Burmese (Tibeto-Burman)
Burushaski (language isolate)
Buryat (Mongolic)
Caluyanon or Caluyanun (Malayo-Polynesian)
Camunic (unclassified) (extinct)
Cantonese (Sinitic)
Carian (Anatolian) (extinct)
Catawba (Siouan) (extinct)
Catalan (Romance)
Cayuga (Iroquoian)
Cebuano (Malayo-Polynesian)
Chabacano or Chavacano (Creole)
Chaga or Kichagga (Bantu)
Chagatai (Turkic) (extinct)
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic (Semitic)
Chamorro (Malayo-Polynesian)
Chaouia or Tachawit (Berber)
Chechen (Northeast Caucasian)
Chemakum (Chimakuan) (extinct)
Chenchu (Dravidian)
Chenoua (Berber)
Cherokee (Iroquoian
Cheyenne (Algonquian)
Chhattisgarhi (Indo-Aryan)
Chhintang or Chintang (Tibeto-Burman)
Chilcotin (Athabaskan)
Chinese (Sinitic)
Chiricahua or Mescalero-Chiricahua Apache (Athabaskan)
Chichewa or Nyanja (Bantu)
Chipewyan (Athabaskan)
Chittagonian (Indo-Aryan)
Choctaw (Muskogean)
Chorasmian or Khwarezmian (Iranian)
Chukchi or Chukot (Chukotko-Kamchatkan)
Chulym (Turkic)
Church Slavonic (Slavic)
Chuukese or Trukese (Malayo-Polynesian)
Chuvash (Turkic)
Cocoma or Cocama (Tupian)
Cocopa (Hokan)
Coeur d’Alene (Salishan)
Comorian (Bantu)
Coptic (Egyptian) (extinct, liturgical language)
Cornish (Celtic)
Corsican (Romance)
Cree (Algonquian)
Crimean Tatar or Crimean Turkish (Turkic)
Croatian (Slavic)
Cuman (Turkic) (extinct)
Cumbric (Celtic) (extinct)
Curonian (Baltic) (extinct)
Cuyonon (Malayo-Polynesian)
Czech (Slavic)
Dacian (Indo-European) (extinct)
Dahlik (Semitic)
Dalecarlian (Germanic)
Dalmatian (Romance) (extinct)
Dameli (Indo-Aryan)
Danish (Germanic)
Dargin (Northeast Caucasian)
Dari (Zoroastrian) (Iranian)
Dari-Persian (Iranian)
Darkhat (Mongolic)
Daur or Dagur (Mongolic)
Dena'ina or Tanaina (Athapaskan)
Dhatki (Indo-Aryan)
Dhivehi or Maldivian (Indo-Aryan)
Dida (Volta-Congo)
Dioula or Jula (Mande)
Dogri (Indo-Aryan)
Dogrib or Tli Cho (Athapaskan)
Dolgan (Turkic)
Domaaki or Dumaki (Indo-Aryan)
Dongxiang or Santa (Mongolic)
Duala (Bantu)
Dungan (Sinitic)
Dutch (Germanic)
Dzhidi or Judeo-Persian (Iranian)
Dzongkha (Tibeto-Burman)
Eastern Yugur (Mongolic)
Eblaite (Semitic) (extinct)
Edomite (Semitic) (extinct)
Egyptian (Afro-Asiatic) (extinct)
Egyptian Arabic (Semitic)
Ekoti (Bantu)
Elamite (isolated) (extinct)
Endegen (Semitic)
Enets or Yenisey Samoyed (Samoyedic)
English (Germanic)
Ennemor or Inor (Semitic)
Erzya (Finno-Ugric)
Esperanto (planned language)
Estonian (Finno-Ugric)
Etruscan (Tyrsenian) (extinct)
Even (Altaic)
Evenk or Evenki (Altaic)
Ewe (Volta-Congo)
Eyak (Na-Dené)
Faeroese (Germanic)
Fang (Bantu)
Fars (Iranian)
Fijian (Malayo-Polynesian)
Filipino (Malayo-Polynesian)
Finnish (Finno-Ugric)
Finnish Sign Language (Signing)
Fon (Volta-Congo)
Franco-Provençal (Romance)
French (Romance)
French Sign Language (Signing)
Frisian (Germanic)
Friulian (Romance)
Fula or Fulfulde or Fulani (Atlantic)
Fur (Nilo-Saharan)
Ga (Volta-Congo)
Gadaba (Dravidian)
Gafat (Semitic) (extinct)
Gagauz (Turkic)
Galician (Romance)
Gangte (Tibeto-Burman)
Garhwali (Indo-Aryan)
Gaulish (Celtic) (extinct)
Gayo (Malayo-Polynesian)
Gazi (Iranian)
Ge'ez (Semitic) (extinct)
Gen or Gẽ or Mina (Volta-Congo)
Georgian (South Caucasian)
German (Germanic)
German Sign Language (Signing)
Ghomara (Berber) (extinct)
Gikuyu or Kikuyu (Bantu)
Gilbertese or Kiribati (Malayo-Polynesian)
Gileki (Iranian)
Goaria (Indo-Aryan)
Gondi (Dravidian)
Gothic (Germanic) (extinct)
Gawar-Bati or Gowari or Narsati (Indo-Aryan)
Grangali or Gelangali (Indo-Aryan)
Greek (Indo-European)
Guanche (Berber) (extinct)
Guaraní (Tupian)
Gujarati (Indo-Aryan)
Gula Iro or Kulaal (Volta-Congo)
Gullah or Sea Island Creole English (English-based creole)
Gusii (Bantu)
Gwichʼin (Athabaskan)
Hadramautic (Semitic) (extinct)
Hadza or Hatsa (Khoisan)
Haida or Masset (Na-Dené)
Haitian Creole (French-based creole)
Hakka (Sinitic)
Hän (Athabaskan)
Harari (Semitic)
Harauti (Indo-Aryan)
Harsusi (Semitic)
Haryanavi or Haryani or Bangru (Indo-Aryan) (a dialect of Hindi)
Harzani (Iranian)
Hattic (unclassified, possibly Northwest Caucasian) (extinct)
Hausa (Afro-Asiatic)
Havasupai or Upland Yuman (Hokan)
Hawaiian (Malayo-Polynesian)
Hawaii Pidgin Sign Language (Signing)
Hazaragi (Iranian) (a dialect of Persian)
Hebrew (Semitic)
Herero (Bantu)
Hértevin (Semitic)
Hiligaynon or Ilonggo (Malayo-Polynesian)
Hindi (Indo-Aryan)
Hiri Motu (Motu-based Pidgin)
Hittite (Anatolian)
Hixkaryana (Carib)
Hmong (Hmong Mien)
Ho (Austroasiatic)
Hobyót (Semitic)
Hopi (Uto-Aztecan
Hulaulá (Semitic)
Hungarian (Finno-Ugric)
Hurrian (Hurro-Urartian) (extinct)
Hutterite German (Germanic)
Ibibio (Volta-Congo)
Iban (Malayo-Polynesian)
Ibanag (Malayo-Polynesian)
Icelandic (Germanic)
Igbo or Ibo or Biafra (Volta-Congo)
Ikalanga or Kalanga (Bantu)
Ili Turki (Turkic)
Illinois (Algonquian) (extinct)
Ilokano or Ilocano (Malayo-Polynesian)
Inari Sami (Finno-Ugric)
Indonesian (Malayo-Polynesian)
Ingrian or Izhorian (Finno-Ugric)
Ingush (Northeast Caucasian)
Inuktitut (Eskimo-Aleut)
Inupiaq (Eskimo-Aleut)
Inuvialuktun (Eskimo-Aleut)
Iraqw (Cushitic)
Irish or Irish Gaelic (Celtic)
Irish Sign Language (Signing)
Irula (Dravidian)
Isan or Northeastern Thai (Tai-Kadai)
Istro-Romanian (Romance)
Italian (Romance)
Itelmen or Kamchadal (Chukotko-Kamchatkan)
Jacaltec or Jakalteko (Mayan)
Jalaa (unclassified, possibly Niger-Congo)
Japanese (isolated)
Jaqaru (Aymaran)
Jarai (Malayo-Polynesian)
Javanese (Malayo-Polynesian)
Jibbali or Shehri (Semitic)
Jicarilla Apache (Athabaskan)
Juang (Austro-Asiatic)
Judeo-Aramaic (Semitic) (extinct)
Jurchen (Tungusic) (extinct)
Kabardian (Northwest Caucasian)
Kabyle (Berber)
Kachin or Jingpo (Tibeto-Burman)
Kalaallisut or Greenlandic (Eskimo-Aleut)
Kalami or Gawri or Dirwali (Indo-Aryan)
Kalasha (Indo-Aryan)
Kalmyk or Oirat (Mongolic)
Kalto or Nahali (isolated or Indo-Aryan)
Kamas (Samoyedic) (extinct)
Kankanai or Kankanaey (Malayo-Polynesian)
Kannada (Dravidian)
Kaonde or Chikaonde (Bantu)
Kapampangan (Malayo-Polynesian)
Karachay-Balkar (Turkic)
Karagas (Turkic)
Karaim (Turkic)
Karakalpak (Turkic)
Karelian (Finno-Ugric)
Kashmiri (Indo-Aryan)
Kashubian (Slavic)
Kawi (Malayo-Polynesian) (extinct)
Kazakh (Turkic)
Kemi Sami (Finno-Ugric) (extinct)
Kensiu (Austro-Asiatic)
Kerek (Paleosiberian)
Ket (Chukotko-Kamchatkan)
Khakas (Turkic)
Khalaj (Iranian)
Kham or Sheshi (Tibeto-Burman)
Khandeshi (Indo-Aryan)
Khanty or Ostyak (Finno-Ugric)
Khasi (Austro-Asiatic)
Khazar (probably Turkic) (extinct)
Khirwar (Dravidian)
Khmer (Austro-Asiatic)
Khmu (Austro-Asiatic)
Khowar (Indo-Aryan)
Khunsari (Iranian)
Kildin Sami (Baltic-Finnic)
Kimatuumbi (Bantu)
Kinaray-a or Hiraya (Malayo-Polynesian)
Kinyarwanda (Bantu)
Kirombo (Bantu)
Kirundi (Bantu)
Kivunjo (Bantu)
Klallam or Clallam (Salishan)
Kodava Takk or Kodagu or Coorgi (Dravidian)
Kohistani or Khili (Indo-Aryan)
Kolami (Dravidian)
Komi or Komi-Zyrian (Finno-Ugric)
Konda (Trans-New Guinea)
Konkani (Indo-Aryan)
Kongo or Kikongo (Bantu)
Koraga (Dravidian)
Korandje (Nilo-Saharan)
Korean (isolated)
Korku (Austro-Asiatic)
Korowai (Trans-New Guinea)
Korwa (Austro-Asiatic)
Koryak (Chukotko-Kamchatkan)
Kosraean (Malayo-Polynesian)
Kota (Dravidian)
Koyra Chiini or Western Songhay (Nilo-Saharan)
Koy Sanjaq Surat (Semitic)
Koya (Dravidian)
Krymchak or Judeo-Crimean Tatar (Turkic)
Kujarge (unclassified, perhaps Chadic)
Kui (Dravidian)
Kumauni (Indo-Aryan)
Kumyk (Turkic)
Kumzari (Iranian)
ǃKung (Khoisan)
Kurdish (Iranian)
Kurukh or Kurux (Dravidian)
Kurumba (Dravidian)
Kusunda (Tibeto-Burman) (extinct)
Kutenai or Kootenay or Ktunaxa (isolated)
Kuvi (Dravidian)
Kwanyama or Ovambo (Bantu)
Kxoe (Khoisan)
Kyrgyz or Kirghiz (Turkic)
Laal (unclassified)
Ladakhi (Tibeto-Burman)
Ladin (Romance)
Ladino or Judeo-Spanish (Romance)
Lakota or Lakhota or Teton (Siouan)
Lambadi or Lamani or Banjari (Indo-Aryan)
Lao or Laotian (Tai-Kadai)
Latin (Romance) (extinct, liturgical language)
Latvian (Baltic)
Laz or Lazuri (South Caucasian)
Lenape or Unami or Delaware (Algonquian) (extinct)
Lepontic (Celtic) (extinct)
Lezgi or Agul (Northeast Caucasian)
Ligbi or Ligby (Mande)
Lingala (Bantu)
Lipan Apache (Athabascan)
Lisan al-Dawat (Indo-Aryan)
Lishana Deni (Semitic)
Lishanid Noshan or Lishana Didan (Semitic)
Lithuanian (Baltic)
Livonian or Liv (Finno-Ugric)
Lotha (Tibeto-Burman)
Low German or Low Saxon or Plattdeutsch (Germanic)
Lower Sorbian (Slavic)
Lozi or Silozi (Bantu)
Ludic or Ludian (Finno-Ugric)
Luganda (Bantu)
Lunda or Chilunda (Bantu)
Luri (Iranian)
Lushootseed (Salishan)
Lusoga or Soga (Bantu)
Luvale (Bantu)
Luwati (Indo-Iranian)
Luwian or Luvian (Anatolian) (extinct)
Luxembourgish (Germanic)
Lycian (Anatolian) (extinct)
Lydian (Anatolian) (extinct)
Macedonian (Slavic)
Macedonian, Ancient (Proto-Greek) (extinct)
Magadhi (Indo-Aryan)
Maguindanao (Malayo-Polynesian)
Mahican (Algonquian) (extinct)
Mahl (Indo-Aryan)
Maithili (Indo-Aryan)
Makasar (Malayo-Polynesian)
Makhuwa-Meetto (Bantu)
Makua (Bantu)
Malagasy (Malayo-Polynesian)
Malay (Malayo-Polynesian)
Malayalam (Dravidian)
Malaysian Sign Language (Signing)
Maltese (Semitic)
Malto or Sauria Paharia (Dravidian)
Malvi or Malavi or Ujjaini (Indo-Aryan)
Mam (Mayan)
Manchurian (Tungusic)
Manda (Dravidian)
Mandaic (Semitic)
Mandarin (Sinitic)
Mandinka (Niger-Congo)
Mansi or Vogul (Finno-Ugric)
Manx (Celtic) (extinct)
Manyika (Bantu)
Maori (Malayo-Polynesian)
Mapudungun or Mapuche (isolated)
Maragoli (Bantu)
Maranao (Malayo-Polynesian)
Marathi (Indo-Aryan)
Mari or Cheremis (Finno-Ugric)
Maria (Dravidian)
Marquesan (Malayo-Polynesian)
Marshallese or Ebon (Malayo-Polynesian)
Martha's Vineyard Sign Language (Signing)
Masaba (Bantu)
Masbatenyo or Minasbate (Malayo-Polynesian
Meitei or Manipuri or Meithei (Tibeto-Burman)
Mesqan or Masqan (Semitic)
Mator (Samoyedic) (extinct)
Mauritian Creole or Morisyen (French-based creole)
Maya (Mayan)
Mazandarani or Tabari(Iranian)
Meänkieli or Tornedalen Finnish (Finno-Ugric)
Megleno-Romanian (Romance)
Megrelian or Mingrelian (South Caucasian)
Mehri or Mahri (Semitic)
Menominee (Algonquian)
Mentawai (Malayo-Polynesian)
Meroitic (unclassified, maybe Nilo-Saharan or isolated)
Merya (Finno-Ugric) (extinct)
Mescalero Apache (Athabaskan)
Mesmes (Semitic) (extinct)
Messapian (Indo-European (extinct)
Miami (Algonquian) (extinct)
Michif (mixed, French and Cree based)
Middle Dutch (Germanic) (extinct)
Middle English (Germanic) (extinct)
Middle French (Romance) (extinct)
Middle High German (Germanic) (extinct)
Middle Persian or Pahlavi (Iranian) (extinct)
Mikasuki or Miccosukee (Muskogean)
Mi'kmaq or Micmac (Algonquian)
Minaean (Semitic) (extinct)
Minangkabau (Malayo-Polynesian)
Mlahsô or Suryoyo (Semitic) (extinct)
Moabite (Semitic) (extinct)
Mobilian Jargon (pidgin, Choctaw and French based)
Moghol (Mongolic)
Mohawk (Iroquoian)
Mohegan (Algonquian) (extinct)
Moksha (Finno-Ugric)
Molengue (Bantu)
Mon (Austro-Asiatic)
Mongolian (Mongolic)
Mono (Volta-Congo)
Mono (Uto-Aztecan)
Mono (Malayo-Polynesian)
Montagnais (Algonquian)
Montenegrin (Slavic)
Motu (Malayo-Polynesian)
Mpre (unclassified, perhaps Niger-Congo or isolated) (extinct)
Muher (Semitic)
Mukha-Dora or Nuka (unclassified)
Mundari (Austro-Asiatic)
Munji (Iranian)
Murcian (Murcian)
Muria (Dravidian)
Muromian (Finno-Ugric) (extinct)
Murut (Malayo-Polynesian)
Nafaanra (Volta-Congo)
Nagarchal (Dravidian)
Nahuatl (Uto-Aztecan)
Naiki (Dravidian)
Nama (Khoisan)
Nanai (Tungusic)
Natanzi (Iranian)
Nauruan (Malayo-Polynesian)
Navajo or Navaho (Na-Dené)
Nayini or Biyabanak (Iranian)
Ndau or Southeast Shona (Bantu)
Ndebele (Bantu)
Ndonga (Bantu)
Neapolitan (Romance)
Negidal (Tungusic)
Nenets or Yurak (Samoyedic)
Nepal Bhasa or Newari (Tibeto-Burman)
Nepali (Indo-Aryan)
New Zealand Sign Language (Signing)
Nganasan or Tavgi (Samoyedic)
Ngumba (Bantu)
Nheengatu or Geral or Modern Tupí (Tupian)
Nicaraguan Sign Language (Signing)
Nicola) (Athabaskan languages) (extinct)
Niellim (Volta-Congo)
Nigerian Pidgin (pidgin, English-based)
Niuean or Niue (Malayo-Polynesian)
Nivkh or Gilyak (isolated)
Nogai (Turkic)
Norfuk or Norfolk or Pitcairn-Norfolk (cant, English-Tahitian based)
Norman or Norman-French (Romance)
Norn (Germanic) (extinct)
Northern Sami (Finno-Ugric)
Northern Sotho or Sepedi (Bantu)
Northern Straits Salish) (Salishan)
Northern Yukaghir (Yukaghir)
Norwegian (Bokmål, Nynorsk, Riksmål) (Germanic)
Nuer (Nilotic)
Nuxálk or Bella Coola (Salishan)
Nyabwa (Volta-Congo)
Nyah Kur (Austro-Asiatic)
Nyangumarta (Pama-Nyungan)
Nyoro (Bantu)
Nǀu (Khoisan)
Occitan (Romance)
Ojibwe or Ojibwa or Chippewa (Algonquian)
Old Church Slavonic (Slavic) (extinct, liturgical language)
Old English or Anglo-Saxon (Germanic) (extinct)
Old French (Romance) (extinct)
Old French Sign Language (Signing) (extinct)
Old High German (Germanic) (extinct)
Old Norse (Germanic) (extinct)
Old Nubian language (Nilo-Saharan) (extinct)
Old Persian (Iranian) (extinct)
Old Prussian (Baltic) (extinct)
Old Saxon (Germanic) (extinct)
Old South Arabic (Semitic) (extinct)
Old Tupi or Tupinamba (Tupian) (extinct)
Olonets Karelian or Liv or Livvi (Finno-Ugric)
Omagua (Tupian)
Ongota (Afro-Asiatic)
Oriya (Indo-Aryan)
Ormuri (Iranian)
Oroch (Tungusic)
Orok (Tungusic)
Oromo or Afaan Oromoo (Cushitic)
Oropom (unclassified) (extinct)
Ossetic or Ossetian (Iranian)
Ottoman Turkish (Turkic) (extinct)
Páez or Nasa Yuwe (isolated)
Palaic (Anatolian) (extinct)
Palauan (Malayo-Polynesian)
Pali (Indo-Aryan) (extinct)
Pangasinan (Malayo-Polynesian)
Papiamento or Papiamentu (Portuguese-based creole)
Parachi (Iranian)
Parauk (Austro-Asiatic)
Parji or Duruwa (Dravidian)
Parya (Indo-Aryan)
Pashto or Pushto or Pashtu (Iranian)
Passamaquoddy or Maliseet-Passamaquoddy or Malecite-Passamaquoddy (Algonquian)
Pecheneg (Turkic) (extinct)
Pemon or Pemong (Cariban)
Pengo (Dravidian)
Pennsylvania Dutch or Pennsylvania German (Germanic)
Pentlatch or Puntlatch (Salishan) (extinct)
Persian or Farsi (Iranian)
Phalura (Indo-Aryan)
Phoenician (Semitic) (extinct)
Phrygian (Indo-European) (extinct)
Phuthi (Bantu)
Picard (Romance)
Pictish (Celtic) (extinct)
Pirahã (Mura)
Pisidian (Anatolian) (extinct)
Plautdietsch or Mennonite Low German (Germanic)
Polabian (Slavic (extinct)
Polish (Slavic)
Portuguese (Romance)
Pothohari or Pahari-Potwari (Indo-Aryan)
Potiguara (Tupian) (extinct)
Pradhan or Pardhan (Dravidian)
Proto-Indo-European (Indo-European) (extinct)
Provençal (Romance)
Puelche (isolated)
Puma (Tibeto-Burman)
Punjabi or Panjabi or Gurmukhi (Indo-Aryan)
Qashqai or Ghashghai (Turkic)
Qatabanian (Semitic) (extinct)
Quebec Sign Language (Signing)
Quechua (Quechuan)
Rajasthani (Indo-Aryan)
Ratagnon or Datagnon or Latagnun (Malayo-Polynesian)
Réunion Creole or Bourbonnais (French-based creole)
Romanian (Romance)
Romansh or Rhaeto-Romance (Romance)
Romany (Indo-Iranian)
Romblomanon (Malayo-Polynesian)
Rotokas (East Papuan)
Runyankole language or Nyankore (Bantu)
Russenorsk (Russian-Norwegian pidgin) (extinct)
Russian (Slavic)
Russian Sign Language (Signing)
Ruthenian or Rusyn or Carpathian (Slavic)
Sabaean (Semitic) (extinct)
Salar (Turkic)
Samaritan Hebrew (Semitic) (extinct)
Samoan (Malayo-Polynesian)
Sandawe (Khoisan)
Sangisari or Sangesari (Iranian)
Sanglechi-Ishkashimi (Iranian)
Sango (Ngbandi-based creole)
Sanskrit (Indo-Aryan) (extinct, liturgical language)
Santali (Austro-Asiatic)
Sara (Malayo-Polynesian)
Saramaccan (English-based creole)
Sardinian (Romance)
Sarikoli (Iranian)
Saurashtra or Sourashtra (Indo-Aryan)
Savara (Dravidian)
Savi (Indo-Aryan)
Sawai (Malayo-Polynesian)
Scots (Germanic)
Scottish Gaelic or Scots Gaelic (Celtic)
Selangor Sign Language (Signing)
Selkup or Ostyak Samoyed (Samoyedic)
Selonian (Baltic) (extinct)
Semnani (Iranian)
Senaya (Semitic)
Sened (Berber) (extinct)
Senhaja de Srair (Berber) (extinct)
Sephardi Hebrew (Semitic)
Serbian (Slavic)
Serbo-Croatian (Slavic)
Sesotho (Bantu)
Seto or Setu (Finno-Ugric)
Seychellois Creole (French-based creole)
Shahrudi (Iranian)
Shimaore (Bantu)
Shina (Indo-Aryan)
Shona (Bantu)
Shor (Turkic)
Shughni (Iranian)
Shumashti (Indo-Aryan)
Shuswap (Salishan)
Sicilian (Romance)
Sidamo (Cushitic)
Sidetic (Anatolian) (extinct)
Sika (Malayo-Polynesian)
Silesian (Slavic)
Silt'e or Selti or East Gurage (Semitic)
Sindhi (Indo-Aryan)
Sinhalese (Indo-Aryan)
Sioux (Siouan)
Siraiki or Seraiki or Southern Punjabi (Indo-Aryan)
Sivandi (Iranian)
Skolt Sami (Finno-Ugric)
Slavey (Athabaskan)
Slovak (Slavic)
Slovenian or Slovene (Slavic)
Soddo or Kistane (Semitic)
Soi (Iranian)
Somali (Cushitic)
Sonjo or Temi (Bantu)
Sonsorolese or Sonsorol (Malayo-Polynesian)
Soqotri (Semitic)
Sora (Austro-Asiatic)
Sorbian (Slavic)
Southern Sami (Finno-Ugric)
South Estonian (Finno-Ugric)
Southern Yukaghir or Tundra Yukaghir (Yukaghir)
Spanish (Romance)
Sranan Tongo (English-based creole)
St'at'imcets or Lillooet (Salishan)
Sucite or Sìcìté Sénoufo (Volta-Congo)
Suba (Bantu)
Sudovian or Yotvingian (Baltic) (extinct)
Sumerian (isolated) (extinct)
Sundanese (Malayo-Polynesian)
Supyire or Supyire Senoufo (Volta-Congo)
Surigaonon (Malayo-Polynesian)
Susu (Niger-Congo)
Svan (South Caucasian)
Swahili (Bantu)
Swati or Swazi or Siswati or Seswati (Bantu)
Swedish (Germanic)
Syriac (Semitic)
Tabasaran or Tabassaran (Northeast Caucasian)
Tachelhit (Berber)
Tagalog (Malayo-Polynesian)
Tahitian (Malayo-Polynesian)
Taiwanese Sign Language (Signing)
Tajik (Iranian)
Takestani (Iranian)
Talysh (Iranian)
Tamil (Dravidian)
Tanacross (Athabaskan)
Tangut or Xixia (Tibeto-Burman) (extinct)
Tarifit or Rifi or Riff Berber (Berber)
Tat or Tati (Iranian)
Tatar (Turkic)
Tausug (Malayo-Polynesian)
Tehuelche (Chon)
Telugu (Dravidian)
Temiar or Northern Sakai (Austro-Asiatic)
Tetum (Malayo-Polynesian)
Tepehua language (Totonacan)
Tepehuán language (Uto-Aztecan))
Thai (Tai-Kadai)
Tharu (Indo-Aryan)
Thracian (Indo-European) (extinct)
Tibetan (Tibeto-Burman)
Tigre or Xasa (Semitic)
Tigrinya (Semitic)
Tillamook (Salishan) (extinct)
Tirahi (Indo-Aryan)
Tiv (Volta-Congo)
Tlingit (Na-Dené)
Tobian (Malayo-Polynesian)
Tocharian A and B (Indo-European) (extinct)
Toda (Dravidian)
Tok Pisin (English-based creole)
Tokelauan (Malayo-Polynesian)
Tonga (Bantu)
Tongan (Malayo-Polynesian)
Tongva (Uto-Aztecan) (extinct)
Torwali or Turvali (Indo-Aryan)
Tregami (Indo-Aryan)
Tsat (Malayo-Polynesian)
Tsez or Dido (Northeast Caucasian)
Tshiluba or Luba-Kasai or Luba-Lulua (Bantu)
Tsimshian (Penutian)
Tsonga (Bantu)
Tswana or Setswana (Bantu)
Tu or Monguor (Mongolic)
Tuareg languages or Tamasheq (Berber)
Tulu (Dravidian)
Tumbuka (Bantu)
Tupiniquim (Tupian)
Turkish (Turkic)
Turkmen (Turkic)
Turoyo (Semitic)
Tuvaluan (Malayo-Polynesian)
Tuvan Tuvin or Tyvan (Turkic)
Ubykh (Northwest Caucasian) (extinct)
Udihe or Ude or Udege (Tungusic)
Udmurt or Votyak (Finno-Ugric)
Ugaritic (Semitic) (extinct)
Ukrainian (Slavic)
Ulbare (Semitic)
Ulch or Olcha (Tungusic)
Unserdeutsch or Rabaul Creole German (German-based creole)
Upper Sorbian (Slavic)
Urdu (Indic)
Uripiv (Malayo-Polynesian)
Urum (Turkic)
Ute (Uto-Aztecan)
Uyghur or Uigur (Turkic)
Uzbek (Turkic)
Vafsi (Iranian)
Valencian Sign Language (Signing)
Vasi-vari or Prasuni (Indo-Aryan)
Venda or Tshivenda (Bantu)
Venetian (Romance)
Veps (Finno-Ugric)
Vietnamese (Austro-Asiatic)
Võro (Finno-Ugric)
Votic or Votian (Finno-Ugric)
Waddar (Dravidian)
Waigali or Kalasha-Ala (Indo-Aryan)
Waima or Roro (Malayo-Polynesian)
Wakhi (Iranian)
Walloon (Romance)
Waneci (Iranian)
Wapishana or Aruma (Arawakan
Waray-Waray or Binisaya (Malayo-Polynesian)
Washo (Hokan)
Welsh (Celtic)
Western Neo-Aramaic (Semitic)
Weyto (unclassified, probably Afro-Asiatic) (extinct)
Wolane (Semitic)
Wolof (Niger-Congo)
Wotapuri-Katarqalai (Indo-Aryan
Wu (Sinitic)
ǀXam (Khoisan) (extinct)
Xhosa (Bantu)
Xiang (Sinitic)
Xibe or Sibo (Tungusic)
ǃXóõ (Khoisan)
Xokó (unclassified) (extinct)
Xukurú (unclassified) (extinct)
Yaaku language
Yaeyama language
Yakut
Yankunytjatjara language
Yanomami
Yanyuwa language
Yapese
Yaqui language
Yauma language (Bantu)
Yavapai language
Yazdi (Iranian)
Yemenite Hebrew language (Semitic)
Yeni language
Yevanic language
Yi language
Yiddish (Germanic)
Yogur (also known as Yoghur, (Mongolic) Sarï Uyghur, and (Mongolic) Yellow Uyghur, Mongolic)
Yokutsan languages
Yonaguni language
Yorùbá language
Yucatec Maya language
Yucatec Maya Sign Language (Signing)
Yuchi language
Yugur (also known as Yughur, (Turkicic) Sarïgh Uyghur, and (Turkic) Yellow Uyghur, Turkic)
Yukaghir languages
Yupik language (Eskimo-Aleut)
Yurats language
Yurok language
Záparo (Saparoan)
Zapotec (Oto-Manguean)
Zazaki (Iranian)
Zhuang (Tai-Kadai)
Zoque (Mixe-Zoquean)
Zulu (Niger-Congo) (Bantu)
Zuñi or Zuni (isolated)
Zway or Zay (Semitic)

What is a Language?

A language is a particular kind of system for encoding and decoding information. In its most common use, the term refers to so-called "natural languages" — the forms of communication considered peculiar to humankind. In cognitive science the term is also sometimes extended to refer to the human cognitive facility of creating and using language. Essential to both meanings is the systematic creation and usage of systems of symbols—each symbol referring to linguistic concepts with semantic or logical or otherwise expressive meanings.
The most obvious manifestations are spoken languages such as English or Spoken Chinese. However, there are also written languages and other systems of visual symbols such as sign languages.

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