German Cardinal Numbers
In German the meaning of cardinal numbers is digits such as 3 or 11 or 630 or any other number used in counting to indicate quantity but not order. German numbers between 21 and 99 that are not multiples of ten (30, 40, 50 ...) are expressed in reverse: 21 = ein-und-zwanzig (one-and-twenty), 22 = zwei-und-zwanzig (two-and-twenty), etc.
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German Ordinal Numbers
First, second, third, etc., are ordinal numbers, usually coming before a noun. They can be written as 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, etc. The ordinal numbers are in most cases created by simply adding a suffix to a cardinal number. Numbers from 1 to 19 add -te, and numbers 20 and above add -ste. Exceptions are 1 (erste) and 3 (dritte) whose ordinals are based on a changed root, 7 (siebte), which drops the -en before adding the ordinal suffix -te and 8 (achte) which adds only an -e because the number already ends in -t. Ordinal numbers may also be expressed in writing by including a period after a number.
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German Cardinal numbers are used more often than ordinal numbers; therefore they need more attention, so try to memorize them by heart. Make sure to check our Learn German page, which contains several lessons that might help you in your learning process.
I hope the content of this page was useful to you, and that you learned some German Numbers, numerals etc...,
Lesson Created by Katja Grathwohl